As per the Section (6) of Chapter III of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act (RTE) – 2009 enacted by the Government of India , it is the duty of the concerned State Government to establish schools within the prescribed area or limits of neighbourhood. Accordingly, the rules framed by the Government of Karnataka on the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act – 2009 in the year 2012 has defined the neighbourhood norms as per the rule 4(1)a, 4(1)b and 4(1)c is given below:
Primary schools :
4(1)(a): In respect of children in classes I – V, a school shall be established normally within a walking distance of one km of the neighbourhood.
Upper Primary schools :
4(1)(b): In respect of children in classes VI-VII, a school shall be established normally within a walking distance of 3 k.m of the neighbourhood.
4(1)(c): In respect of children in class VIII, a school shall be established within a distance of 5 k.m of the neighbourhood.
Provided that in case of urban areas where local authorities are City Corporations, the area of neighbourhood shall be the area of ward notified for the purpose of governance of local authority.
Adding VIII std to schools with classes upto VII std
As per the state RTE rule 4(2): the State Government shall endeavour within the limits of its economic capacity and development to add VIII to schools with classes up to VII in a phased manner.
As such, the school mapping exercise to identify the availability of Government, Government aided and Private(unaided) schools in the neighbourhood of each habitation in both Rural and Urban areas has been undertaken by every district. Through this exercise, the need for opening of new schools, up gradation of schools and provision for transportation and escort facilities of children is identified.
School is the basic unit of organisation of formal education system. As per the statistical reports of District Information System for Education(DISE -2012-13) there are 78,950 schools (including Pre-university colleges) in the State, out of which 25,950 are Lower Primary Schools, 34,086 are Higher Primary Schools, 14,194 are Secondary schools (High Schools) and 4,720 are Higher Secondary Schools (PUC). The ratio of Lower Primary Schools to Higher Primary Schools is 0.761:1, while that of Higher Primary Schools to High Schools is 1:0.416.
Access to 8th Standard is available in Higher Primary Schools having 1 to 8 standards, in High Schools with 1 to 10 standards and Higher Secondary Schools with 1 to 12 standards. However, the children studying in HPS with 1 to 7 have to get admitted to class 8th in the nearby high/higher secondary schools or in nearby 8th upgraded Higher Primary Schools.
Schools sanctioned under SSA since 2001
In 2010-11 (RTE), total 5 residential schools have been sanctioned for the specific category of children in 5 districts - Bangalore Urban, Dakshina Kannada, Dharwad, Mysore and Shimoga . These schools are sanctioned as an exception measure for reaching out to children in sparsely populated or hilly and densely forested areas with difficult geographical terrains, as also the category of urban deprived children, homeless and street children in difficult circumstances without adult protection, who require not merely day schooling but also lodging and boarding facilities. The intake capacity of each school is 100. Total 225 children have been enrolled in these schools. The district wise enrolment in the residential schools during 2012-13 is as follows:
Place of the School
Enrolement up to March 2013
|Shimoga||Teerthahalli , Agumbe||51|
State Policies and Procedures for Recruitment of Primary School Teachers
- With the objective of achieving high degree of transparency in the process of recruitment of teachers Centralised Admission Cell (CAC) has been set up.
- Combined competitive examinations are conducted. There are 34 educational districts in the state. The DDPI at the District level is the selection authority. The Block Education Officer is the appointing authority.
- Provisional merit list will be prepared on the basis of average weight age of percentages secured in PUC/D.Ed and Competitive examination.
- Provisional list of the selected candidates following horizontal and vertical reservations will be prepared and published inviting objections from aggrieved candidates. 50% posts are reserved for female candidates
- Final selection list will be published district wise attending objections if any.
- Selected teachers will be given postings providing an opportunity to choose the vacant places of their choice through counselling.
- A teacher once appointed must work at least 5 years in the place where he/she is posted.
State policy and processes for deployment and rationalization of teachers:
The State Government has implemented the Regulation of Teachers Transfer Act in the year 2007. Excess teachers are identified and redeployment of teachers to the needy schools is being done through counselling process. This process is generally held before the commencement of the transfer process. The process of counselling ensures transparency and avoids interference, injustice and any kind of discrepancy and facilitates efficient functioning of the administration.
Mechanisms for redressal of grievances:
- For the redressal of grievances of teachers School Development and Monitoring Committees are the first level redressal grievance authority.
- All processes related to appointment, salary, increment, leave benefits and other service matters are handled at the block level through counselling process which are highly transparent. The grievances if any are redressed at the block office and a teacher can approach the appellate authority for justice.