“The Model School scheme was launched in November 2008 in pursuance to the announcement of the Prime Minister in his Independence Day speech of 2007. The scheme aims to provide quality education to talented rural children through setting up of 6,000 model schools as benchmark of excellence at block level at the rate of one school per block. The scheme has the following objectives:
i. To have at least one good quality senior secondary school in every block.
ii. To have a pace setting role.
iii. To try out innovative curriculum and pedagogy.
iv. To be a model in infrastructure, curriculum, evaluation and school governance.
The scheme has two modes of implementation, viz. (i) 3,500 schools are to be set up in as many educationally backward blocks (EBBs) through State/UT Governments, and (ii) the remaining 2,500 schools are to be set up under Public-Private Partnership (PPP) mode in blocks which are not educationally backward. The State Sector component for setting up of model schools in EBBs through State/UT Governments is being implemented from 2009-10 and implementation of the PPP component for setting up of model schools in blocks which are not educationally backward has been initiated from 2012-13.
Secondary education was not a thrust area during the Tenth Plan period. There were a
few small schemes to enhance access and to improve quality, but the coverage was neither
large nor comprehensive. The plan schemes concentrated on continuing the school systems
run by autonomous organizations of MHRD and included efforts for integrated education for the
disabled, girls’ education through provision of hostel facilities, use of ICT in schools,
vocationalisation of higher secondary education and open and distance learning.
Since universalisation of elementary education has become a Constitutional mandate, it is absolutely essential to push this vision forward to move towards universalisation of secondary education, which has already been achieved in a large number of developed countries and several developing countries. Paras 5.13 – 5.15 of the National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986 (as modified in 1992) deal with Secondary Education. Para 5.13 of the NPE, inter- alia, stated that,
“Access to Secondary Education will be widened with emphasis on enrolment of girls,
SCs and STs, particularly in science, commerce and vocational streams……..”.